Dairy farming has become a multi-billion dollar business and the need for dairy effluent systems is on the rise as well. Dairy farms are the source of a large amount of raw milk that must be cleaned and treated before it is used for human consumption. Raw milk contains bacteria, parasites and diseases that can cause illness in humans if consumed improperly. These milk residue and other effluent systems are designed to trap these particles and keep them from polluting drinking water. In the production process, milk is also strained to separate fat and high protein materials.
Dairy Effluent Systems
These systems are manufactured by private entities such as Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) or by state health departments. The systems range in price depending on the size of the dairy farm and technology employed in the design and manufacture. Some of the more popular designs include skim systems, low volume systems and double layer systems. The skim system filters out large particulates while leaving the small, healthy particles behind.
Cleaning and treating dairy farms is necessary because they act as a lifeline for dairy farmers. Without constant access to clean water and constant testing, these farmers would not survive. Health officials recommend that all dairy farms have continuous reliable water and dairy waste water treatment systems. The health risks associated with contaminated water supply have prompted many states to develop laws that require dairy farmers to improve their wastewater treatment systems.